This month, the New York state attorney general issued a report on a scheme by “U.S. Companies and Partisans [to] Hack Democracy.” This wasn’t another attempt by Republicans to make it harder for Black people and urban residents to vote. It was a concerted attack on another core element of U.S. democracy — the ability of citizens to express their voice to their political representatives. And it was carried out by generating millions of fake comments and fake emails purporting to come from real citizens.
This attack was detected because it was relatively crude. But artificial intelligence technologies are making it possible to generate genuine-seeming comments at scale, drowning out the voices of real citizens in a tidal wave of fake ones.
The big telecommunications companies paid millions of dollars to specialist “AstroTurf” companies to generate public comments. These companies then stole people’s names and email addresses from old files and from hacked data dumps and attached them to 8.5 million public comments and half a million letters to members of Congress. All of them said that they supported the corporations’ position on something called “net neutrality,” the idea that telecommunications companies must treat all Internet content equally and not prioritize any company or service. Three AstroTurf companies — Fluent, Opt-Intelligence and React2Media — agreed to pay nearly $4 million in fines.
In the last few years, fake news has been a big talking pointing. From U.S elections manipulation to Hollywood fake breakups etc. We as a common man often struggle to find out the truth. Often media gets carried away with such fake news. Interesting things to know that most of the fake news being peddled with snapshots, photos of chats etc.
Source of fake snapshots/content
The biggest creators of fake news content: Political parties, Bots driven from other nations and individuals with hatred against one religion or political party.
How do they create it?
Many online tools can help you to create any snapshot in a min. I have listed some of them below. These tools can help to create a snapshot-like real newspaper snapshot as well. You can try yourself if you wish to play around. It is a fun thing to learn.
How to deal with this?
Never ever share or believe in snapshot. If you are really interested in, Go and find real article or source of that information.
Fake iPhone Text Messages
Create and share lifelike iPhone text conversations with most advance online fake text composer.
The social media conversation over the climate crisis is being reshaped by an army of automated Twitter bots, with a new analysis finding that a quarter of all tweets about climate on an average day are produced by bots, the Guardian can reveal.
The stunning levels of Twitter bot activity on topics related to global heating and the climate crisis is distorting the online discourse to include far more climate science denialism than it would otherwise.
An analysis of millions of tweets from around the period when Donald Trump announced the US would withdraw from the Paris climate agreement found that bots tended to applaud the president for his actions and spread misinformation about the science.
The study of Twitter bots and climate was undertaken by Brown University and has yet to be published. Bots are a type of software that can be directed to autonomously tweet, retweet, like or direct message on Twitter, under the guise of a human-fronted account.
“These findings suggest a substantial impact of mechanized bots in amplifying denialist messages about climate change, including support for Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris agreement,” states the draft study, seen by the Guardian.
Facebook on Monday disclosed that it had taken down a new foreign interference operation targeting the US 2020 presidential elections that appears to be linked to the Russian troll agency, the Internet Research Agency (IRA).
The 50 Instagram accounts and one Facebook account “had the hallmarks of a well-resourced operation”, the company said in a blog post. The accounts had about 246,000 followers, and published nearly 75,000 posts, according to Graphika, a social network analysis company that reviewed the campaign for Facebook.
The campaign included accounts that promoted both “conservative” and “progressive” content, resharing memes and tweets on potentially divisive topics in a manner similar to the IRA’s 2016 social media influence campaign.
While most of the posts were focused on polarizing political issues, some specifically addressed the 2020 election, according to Graphika. These included posts supporting Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, and attacking Joe Biden. Some also attacked Kamala Harris and Elizabeth Warren.
Must read research on how cyber attacks & Fake news are undermining democracies. These attacks are not changing the election voting machine & other infrastructure, However, changing the views to a larger extent. Political parties or opponents are using cyber technology to spread their propaganda. And, the situation is so bad that nobody likes to have a democratic discussion. Everybody is correct & accurate with their sources. The biggest damage is done using social media & news.
Common-knowledge attacks can have critical consequences yet they are a poor fit with conventional national security approaches to cybersecurity. National security officials traditionally think about cybersecurity using Cold War concepts that were developed to understand nuclear weapons. They use ideas such as the offence-defence balance, conventional deterrence theory, and deterrence by denial.
This attack on public confidence in election results was thwarted at the last moment. Even so, it provided the model for a new kind of attack. Hackers don’t have to secretly alter people’s votes to affect elections. All they need to do is to damage public confidence that the votes were counted fairly. As researchers have argued, “simply put, the attacker might not care who wins; the losing side believing that the election was stolen from them may be equally, if not more, valuable.”
Read full research paper how elections & public opinions are subverted with fake news & social media.